Disease – Anthracnose
Causal organism – Colletotrichum gloeosporioides
Symptoms – There is a small regular or irregular black or brown coloured spots appear on the leaves, stem, flowers & fruits which turn later on as dark brown spots. The outbreak of this disease occurs during August-September. Frequent rainfall, high humidity about 50-80 % and the temperature range between 25-30°c favours this disease.
Damage - It is a fungal disease which affects many plants including fruits & vegetables. It commonly infects the developing shoots and leaves.
Control – Spray Hexaconazol @ 1 ml/litre or Thiophanate methyl @ 1g/litre or Carbendazim @ 1g/litre at 15 days interval.
Integrated Disease Management – Destroy diseased parts of the plant. Use disease free seeds. Use resistant varieties. Keeping sufficient space between the plants.