Rice is one of the main crops of our country. Rice is cultivated on a major scale throughout the country.
50 percent of the paddy cultivation in the country is done in rainfed areas. In case of no rain, farmers have to face difficulties and they depend on the water of canals, tubewells etc. for irrigation of paddy.
Sowing of paddy is done in a well-prepared field in two ways -
Dry direct sowing
Wet direct sowing
Direct seed sowing - In rainfed areas, treated seeds are sown in the field at a distance of at least 15 to 20 cm & at a depth of 5 cm with the help of seed drill.
Dry sowing has many benefits such as reduced labor costs because in the traditional sowing of paddy, we have to plant rice seeds in nursery and take care of them till the seedling is ready.
After that we have to plant these sprouted plants in a field. This is why it takes a lot of labor and time. This entire process does not have to be done in direct sowing
In direct seeding of rice, sowing of seeds is done directly in the fields, it saves both time and labor of the farmers.
During this whole process we don't even need a lot of equipment
In this process of sowing, labor cost decreases by 30-40 % and as compare to tranplanted rice, direct seeded rice will be matured 10 days before.
Direct sowing of paddy also saves lot of water
Direct sowing helps in maintaining the right amount of organic elements of the soil, thereby improving the quality and yield of the crop.