Benefits of doing vertical farming
Benefits of doing vertical farming

Vertical farming is a multi-level farming system. In this farming, the walls of buildings and apartments can also be used to grow small crops. It can also happen in open areas. Under this a multi-layered structure is erected, which can also be equal to the height of the rooms.
A tank full of water is placed in the lowest box of the vertical structure. Small pots of plants are kept in the upper mines of the tank.

Vertical farming uses 95% less water. Growing crop plants on terraces, balconies and parts of multi-storey buildings in cities is also seen as vertical farming.

More production can be done in less land through vertical farming. In vertical farming, artificial light and environment are created, due to which there is no adverse effect of weather and there is no risk of crop failure.

Many types of chemical fertilizers and dangerous insecticides are used in traditional farming, due to which various types of diseases spread, whereas in vertical farming, there is no use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
Vertical farming requires very little water. The crop can be grown near the places where it is consumed. It will not require long distance transportation.

It is the best option of the future for the problem of increasing population and decreasing arable land.
The income of farmers will increase manifold through vertical farming. This will improve their standard of living. The labor requirement is less in vertical farming. It is based on automated technology.

If this cultivation is done on the roof, then for this the temperature has to be controlled. Vertical techniques use aeroponic, aquaponic or hydroponic mediums instead of soil.

Hydroponics farming –
In this technique, plants are grown in water. Essential plant nutrients are found in this water. In hydroponics, plants and fodder crops are grown under controlled conditions at a temperature of 15 to 30 °C at about 80 to 85 percent humidity.

Aeroponics farming –
In this technique only mixed nutrients are sprayed on the roots of the plants. In the case of potted plants, perlite, coconut fiber, cocopeat, crop straw or gravel are usually used instead of soil.

Aquaponics farming –
Aquaponics is the cultivation of fish & plants together in a constructed, recirculating ecosystem utilizing natural bacterial cycles to convert fish waste to plant nutrition. This is an environmentally friendly, natural food-growing method that harnesses the best attributes of aquaculture & hydroponics without the need to discard any water or filtrate or add chemical fertilizers.

Author: Gopal Bhardwaj
Specialist in Horticulture