Carrot is a winter season crop cultivated throughout the world for its fleshy edible roots.
Carrot is major vegetable crop & great source of vitamin A. Carrot juice is a rich source of carotene and is sometimes used for colouring food articles. Carrots have many medicinal properties & are also used in Ayurvedic medicine.
The root portion of carrot is edible to humans while the outside part is used to feed animals.
By its use, the immunity system is strengthened, as well as eyesight increases.
Karnataka, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu & Andhra Pradesh are major carrot growing states in India.
Carrot can be grown in various types of soils but deep, loose loamy soil well suited for its cultivation. For optimum yield, soil pH value should be in the range of 5.5 to 7. Along with this, it is also necessary for the soil to be brittle because it makes carrot long and strong.
To make the soil brittle, it should be levelled with the help of leveller after every ploughing. There should be proper water drainage system required.
Optimum sowing time for carrot cultivation is October-November.
The optimum temperature for its growth is between 16 to 20 °C. The temperature lower than 16 °C affects the development of colour.
The temperatures between 15 to 20 °C is better for developing attractive roots with excellent red colour and quality.
Carrots are mostly used as a vegetable in India. Carrots are used in vegetables both in raw (salad) and cooked methods. Apart from vegetables, carrots are used in making pickles, jam, juice etc.