Phalsa is an important minor fruit crop of India. Arid & hot region are ideal for its cultivation.
Phalsa is a subtropical fruit plant but can be grown in wide climatic conditions.
Phalsa is an indigenous fruit and is commercially cultivated in many states.
Vitamin A & C and minerals like phosphorus and iron are found in abundance in it.
It can grow at temperature ranging from 3°C to 45°C. It can tolerate temperature as high as 44°C. It can also grow well under scanty irrigation conditions.
It can be cultivated in all types of soil, but for good growth and yield, the rich loamy soil is good.
For its successful cultivation, the pH of the soil should be between 7.5 to 8.5.
It can be successfully cultivated in both hot and dry areas and moist places with high rainfall. In winter, the leaves fall and it goes into dormancy, so it tolerates frost.
For proper growth of fruits of phalsa, irrigate regularly at intervals of 15 days.
The ripening of fruits in Phalsa starts in the last week of April which continues till the first week of June. Its fruits are very delicate. Therefore, they should be harvested in the morning or evening only.
Phalsa is mostly growing in UP, Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, MP, West Bengal & many parts of south India.
The germination of fresh seed of Phalsa is usually good and seed germinates in 15 –20 days.
Seedlings of about 7 to 8 months are planted in the field. The plants produce first crop of well-developed fruits after 15 to 18 months of planting.