Groundnut is a leguminous crop which belong to the Leguminosae family. Groundnut or peanut is commonly known as the poor man's nut. Today, it is an important oilseed crop. It is the sixth most important oilseed crop in the world.
India's rank in production of groundnut is second. In India, the availability of groundnut is throughout the year because it has two crop cycle harvested in March & October.
It is also grown as an important forage crop. Groundnut plays an important role both as oil or food crop. Groundnut is very nutritious food. It contains 48-50 % oil, 26-28 % protein and a rich source of dietary fiber, minerals and vitamins.
It also helps in preparing non-food products such as soaps, medicines, cosmetics and lubricants etc. Per capita availability of Groundnut in India is about 10 kg for domestic consumption. Groundnut is an annual herbaceous plant growing 30 to 50 cm tall. World's leading producer of Groundnut are India & China. About 60 percent of Groundnut production produced by India & China.
Major Groundnut growing states of India are Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Uttar Pradesh.