Garden waste includes a variety of gardening activities, including cutting or removing vegetation, mowing lawns, removing weeds, trimming hedges, etc. These include green and dry leaves, leftover fruits from the garden, weeds, dry grass, straw, stems, twigs, sawdust, etc.
Composting from garden waste is a useful management technique. Recycling your garden waste can reduce the amount of waste that goes to landfills and helps in environmental protection/conservation.
Compost made from garden waste has good quality.
Diseases and pests are removed during this process. Compost increases the yield and quality of the crop as it contains all the essential nutrients.
Compost making process –
According to the ancient method of composting agricultural residues, the remains of the entire field were put in a big pit. In the rainy season, it was filled with water, due to which this manure would rot. This process took place in an anaerobic environment. This compost took up to 5-6 months to prepare and the energy wastage is very high.
Under the modified method, the remains are kept on flat land by not putting them in the pit. This process is executed with the help of air atmosphere (oxygen).
Aerobic microorganisms play a major role in this process. Compost making microorganisms are generally present in all organic and agricultural residues.
How to decompose gardening residues –
Mix one quintal of garden waste with 1 kg of urea by dissolving it in water to increase the nitrogen content for the growth of microorganisms. In place of it nitrogenous agricultural residues like dhaincha etc. can also be added.
Mix dung of green fodder eating animals in the ratio of 1:3 i.e. at the rate of 25 kg per quintal. Maintain the moisture content of 50-60 percent till the compost is ready. For this, if water is poured by the method of sprinkling, then it is very good. Turn the compost every third or fourth day to maintain the atmospheric condition and to dissipate the energy and heat generated.
Compost is prepared from garden waste within a month. It should be noted that where the compost is made, the surface is paved, so that the useful elements of the compost do not mix into the soil or elsewhere.