Watermelon is an important cucurbitaceous fruit in India. Watermelon is good source of Vitamin C and it is also a good source of potassium, magnesium, vitamin A, vitamin B1 & vitamin B6. Watermelon have high level of lycopene, an antioxidant which is also found in tomatoes. Lycopene is very effective at protecting cells from damage and may help lower the risk of heart disease.
Lycopene is also known to reduce the risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease & boost the immunity. Watermelon prefer soil pH between 6 and 6.5. Loamy, well-drained soil is suitable for watermelon cultivation.
It is cultivated mainly in Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. Hot and average climate regions are best for planting watermelon. China is the world’s largest producer of watermelon.
Temperature of 25 to 30°c has been found to be suitable for the cultivation. Watermelon does not have much fibre as many other fruits & vegetables. It is a fat free fruit, contains a lot of water & is low in calories. About 92 % of water & 6 % of sugar found in watermelon. There are about 30 calories in 100 gram of watermelon.