Lady finger is an important vegetable crop of India. It is grown in kharif (June-August) and Zaid (January-March) season. It is grown in tropical and sub-tropical region. Lady finger belongs to malvaceae family.
Lady finger is a good source of minerals, vitamins, protein and fiber. There are many health benefits because of its nutritive value.
Lady finger requires warm climate throughout its growing period because it cannot bear cold climatic conditions.
It requires temperature range of 22-35°c for its best growth. Rainy season is essential for its successful growth. Seeds are unable to germinate when the temperature is below 20°c. Lady finger cannot tolerate the temperature above 40°c.
Lady finger can be grown in any kind of soil, but sandy loam and clay loam soils are best suited for its cultivation. Heavy soils with good drainage give higher yield in production. The optimum pH range of soil should be maintained to 6-6.8.
Major lady finger producing states in India are Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Karnataka.