Litchi is one of the subtropical evergreen fruit grown in India. India is second largest producer of litchi next to China.
Litchi is good source of Vitamin c, calcium, protein & phosphorus.
Some important varieties of Litchi - Muzaffarpur, Seedless late, Purbi, Rose scented, Ellaichi etc.
Temperature about 25-35 °c suitable for its cultivation. After the monsoon, planting can be done between July to September as per your convenience.
Well drained loamy soil, rich in organic matter & having pH in the range of 5-7 is ideal for its cultivation.
Dry summer and light winter is most favourable for its fruit growth. Litchi cannot tolerate frost during winter & also dry heat during summer.
The temperature should not be more than 40 °c in summer and below freezing point in winter.
For good yield of litchi, ploughing the field in the month of March-April then it should be left for 10-15 days.
After this, the field should be dug at a distance of 8-10 m by 1.0 × 1.0 × 1.0 m in dimension in square system. Then pit should be filled with about 25 kg well decomposed compost, 2 kg of bone meal/single super phosphate and 300 gram murate of potash per pit.
Irrigation is done immediately after planting for proper establishment.
Land should be prepared in such a way that there is no water stagnation occurred in the field.
Irrigate the crop 2 or 3 times at the interval of 45-60 days during winter for fruit bearing. In hot summer month irrigate the crop at the interval of 2 weeks.