Among the citrus fruits, Orange, Malta, Lemon, Grapefruit, etc. are cultivated.
Among subtropical fruits, citrus fruits have an important place in the world. They hold third important position in fruits.
Vitamin A, B, C and mineral substances are found in abundance in citrus fruits.
In addition to freshly eaten citrus fruits, these are also used in making citric acid, preserved juices, beverages, marmalade, pickles etc.
Citrus fruits can be grown in a variety of climates.
Fruits produced in places with high humidity are smoother, thinner peeled and juicy than fruits of relatively dry climate.
Normal summer and winter is best for citrus fruits. Temperature has a greater effect on the flowering & fruiting of citrus fruits. Hot, frost free and dry climate is suitable for citrus. Citrus fruits can be grown successfully in a variety of soils but to get good production, deep, good drainage loam and fertile land with no hard folds up to 2 meters depth is suitable.
Citrus plants are planted at a distance of 5 to 6 meters (row to row and plant to plant). After drawing at this distance, 60×60×60 cm diameter pits should be prepared.
Planting of saplings should be done in June-August but if there is sufficient irrigation facility, it can be done in the month of February-March.
Plants should be planted in pits so that their roots remain in a natural state.
Maintain sufficient moisture in the soil, especially in the first 3-4 weeks after planting and after that keep irrigating at regular intervals.
The first irrigation must be done after planting. Also, keep in mind that the water storage does not last long because such condition suitable for diseases.
Generally, irrigation should be done at a difference of 12-15 days in winter and 8-10 days in summer.
Weeding should be done as necessary to keep the land free from weeds and to keep the air circulation right. Roots of citrus plants are shallow, so the roots should not be damaged while weeding.