Sapota is originated from Mexico and Central America. At present it is being cultivated a lot in India also.
Once planted, its plants give yields for many years. Many other nutrients like carbohydrates, calcium, protein, and fiber are found in sapota, which are very beneficial for the human body.
In India, sapota is cultivated mainly in Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Haryana, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Gujarat.
Sapota is considered a plant of tropical climate which needs dry and wet weather to grow. Its plants grow well in the summer season.
Cultivation of sapota can be done easily in places of altitude around 1000 meters above sea level. It is not good to cultivate it in cold regions or where there is severe cold for a long time in winter. On an average 150 to 200 cm of rainfall is enough for its plants in a year.
Sapota plants need normal temperature to grow in the beginning. After that when its plants are fully matured then they can tolerate minimum 10 and maximum 40 degree temperature but higher and lower temperature than this harms their yield as well as the tree.
Relative humidity about 70 % is considered very well for its good cultivation.
Fertile land with proper drainage is useful for the cultivation of chikoo. But for good yield it is good to grow it in sandy loam soil. Cultivation of sapota can be done easily in the soil having mild saline and alkaline properties. The pH of the land for its cultivation should be between 5.8 to 8.
Its plants are affected by winter frost. If sapota plant is grown in the right environment, then its plant gives fruits twice a year.