Drip irrigation is a method of irrigation in which water is provided in a slow droplet form by a small diameter pipe in the root zone of crops.
Water is an important investment for agriculture in which more than 80 percent of the country's total water resources are consumed.
Although water is a regenerated and renewable resource.
Traditional methods of water flow and irrigation do not just waste water, but many problems such as submergence, salinity, soil degradation arise which makes fertile agricultural land into infertile.
Therefore, irrigation methods such as drip and sprinkler methods are adopted so that losses could be reduced to great extent.
The drip irrigation method can be widely used in many crops especially vegetables, plantation crops, flowers and planting crops.
In drip irrigation, water is poured into the roots of the plants with the help of motors and drippers.
Drip irrigation keeps moisture levels optimized in the soil. Drip irrigation can be applied on any sloping or flat land.
Advantages of Drip irrigation -
- The biggest advantage of drip irrigation system is that every drop of water is useful for the plant.
- The drip irrigation system not only used for irrigation but also fertilizers and pesticides are transported to the entire field in a soluble state.
- Adopting drip irrigation method saves about 50 percent of water and electricity.
- This irrigation method leads to rapid growth of irrigated crop, and consequently the crop matures quickly.
- This irrigation method is very beneficial for water deficient areas.
- In comparison to traditional irrigation, up to 70 percent water can be saved in drip irrigation.
- Drip irrigation has a lower labour cost than other irrigation methods.
- The water distribution in drip irrigation is in equal amount.