Vertical farming is the technique of cultivation and production of crops/plants in vertically stacked layers.
With the increase in population, the land of cultivation is also getting reduced. In view of decreasing agricultural land, vertical farming is being successfully used in many places.
Vertical farming does not require soil.
The important thing is that chemical fertilizers and pesticides are not used in it, the production is completely organic & it also saves water. It saves about 90 percent of water.
Through vertical farming, we can successfully grow more production on less land.
This can give considerable benefit to the agricultural farmer with less land. The income of farmers can also be increased through vertical farming.
A multi-layered structure is prepared in vertical farming. In this technique of farming, a tank filled with water is placed in the lowest part of this structure.
Small pots of plants are placed in the upper mines of the tank, proper amount of water is transported to these pots by the pipes in which nutrients are available which helps plant to grow quickly.
In vertical farming, there is less labor requirement because this farming based on automated technology.
There are three processes used in vertical farming i.e. hydroponics, aquaponics & aeroponics.
Benefits of Vertical farming -
If this happens on a large scale, then the price of food will also be reduced.
This will eliminate plant diseases and pests, which will also reduce the use of pesticides.
This will be beneficial for our health and environment.
Vertical farming uses ten times less water than traditional farming.
The use of vertical farming can lead to low cost as well as good yield and good income in a short time.